Dosage of Tramadol
Tramadol is a narcotic pain reliever similar to morphine and can be used for moderate to severe pain relief. It is the brand name for the drug called Tramadol which is a narcotic like pain killer and is an opioid pain medication. It works in the body by altering the body response to the pain. One of the main advantage of this drug is that it is not a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs). It can help to reduce the pain level to an extent that the patient can resume the daily activities quickly without experiencing further pain.
Tramadol is formulated as an immediate release oral tablet, when taken orally, the onset of pain relief occurs within an hour and has two mechanism of actions. By binding to the μ-opioid receptors which are a class of receptors which have high affinity for beta-endorphins and by inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine. The tablet should not be crushed and this medicine needs to be taken orally. If taken in powdered form or as inhalation, it may lead to life-threatening side effects, overdose or even death.
Dosage Information of Tramadol
The drug is available in immediate and extended release form. It is also available in various dosages such as 50mg, 100mg, 200mg and 300mg that has to be administered orally. After ingestion, drug reacts slowly and sometimes it may take up to six hours to relieve pain completely. Tramadol is available at all pharmacy retailers and online pharmacy. The doctor assesses the condition of patient by taking in to account of their medical history, allergies, symptoms and clinical history. Based on this information, doctor takes the call for prescribing Tramadol or not.
Tramadol (Tramadol) 50mg is a synthetic painkiller belonging to the class of opioid analgesics to relieve moderate to severe pain. Mainly used for relieving acute pain after surgery. Tramadol is mainly prescribed by doctors to treat mild to intense pain like chronic pain, back pain. More A health care provider may recommend the medication taking in to consideration of age, patient’s health condition and body response to the treatment and a number of similar factors. Tramadol 50mg can be taken every day once in the morning as directed by the physician. Depending on the body response to the treatment, the physician can increase or decrease the dosage from time to time. The maximum dosage should not exceed 300mg to 400mg per day.
Dosage in adults for pain management
Patients of age more than 65 years should usually start at a low end of the dosing range and can be increased slowly bases on the effectiveness and tolerance. Patients older than 75 years of age should take a maximum dose of regular release oral tablets of 300 mg per day in divided doses.
The dosing interval should be adjusted and the actual dose of the drug may be reduced. It is always better to talk to your doctor regarding the need for adjusted doses with any medication.
Dosage in paediatric patients for pain management
For paediatric age groups of 4-16, Tramadol immediate release tablets are prescribed. A maximum single dosage for a day should not exceed 100 mg. The maximum divided dose for daily usage can be up to 400mg. Make sure to consult the doctor before starting the treatment. For patients above 16 years the initial dosage of Tramadol can be prescribed up to 50-100mg taken every 4-6 hrs. The dosage can be titrated up to 400mg per day after consulting the medical practitioner.
Tramadol Dosage for Chronic Pain
Tramadol is available in various strengths and forms. It is available in different formulation such as,
Immediate-release form of Tramadol: Tramadol is available as tablet that is prescribed to be taken orally every 4-6 hrs as required. It is mainly prescribed in case of chronic pain such as sciatica, back pain and post-operative pain followed by spine surgery. Immediate release form is best suitable for patients who do no not require 24-hour pain relief.
Extended-release Tramadol: Tramadol ER (Extended release) tablets contains more medication than a regular dose. The ER form is formulated to release the drug in body gradually over a 24 hour period and should be strictly taken once a day. These formulations are designed to help patients with chronic pain and can help stay ahead of the pain or before it becomes too intense to bear to promote sounder sleep. Extended-release medication should not be crushed or split as it could cause dangerously strong amount of dosage to be taken at once. The maximum dosage of ER form is 300 mg a day and dosage may be decrease for those suffering from hepatic or renal impairment.
Tramadol can be a habit-forming drug:
As Tramadol is structurally related to the Opioid class of drugs like morphine and codeine, it can be associated with addiction, psychological and physical dependence and withdrawal. People who have a habit of taking narcotic drugs are at a higher risk of addiction. Illicit actions to obtain drug may occur in people even without a prior addiction also.
Withdrawal symptoms like diarrhoea, nausea, sweating, anxiety, shivering, and insomnia, tremors, pain and hallucinations may occur if intake of tramadol is stopped abruptly. Make sure to consult with your doctor before discontinuing tramadol treatment. Do not discontinue the treatment on your own.